All About New Education Policy (NEP) 2020 of India

The new National Education Policy (NEP) with major changes in the Indian Education System has been approved by Union Cabinet on July 29, 2020. The policy holds a path to the transformation of school and college education as well. While the National Education Policy was framed in 1986 and modified in 1992, it took 34 years to create a new one with appreciable changes. Let’s know more!

The Draft NEP

In the country, many significant changes have been taken place periodically. Development of science and technology in the country is clearly seen. But, no government ever touched the educational policy which actually needs a lot of changes to meet the challenges of the 21st century. This is one of the reasons, people are appreciating the step taken by Modi’s government while the major changes in NEP 2020 that helps developing students thus country is the other reason.

Though the new National Education Policy was approved a few days back, the birth of the idea took place in January 2015! After many high-level, consultation, recommendation meetings were held throughout 4 years, the Committee for preparation of the draft National Education Policy submitted its report to the Ministry on 31.05.2019. The Draft National Education Policy 2019 (DNEP 2019) is based on the foundational pillars access, affordability, equity, quality and accountability.

A brief summary of DNEP was translated into 22 languages and uploaded on MHRD’s official website. After a special meeting of CABE on National Education Policy was held where 26 Education Ministers of various States and UTs, representatives of States and Union Territories, Members of CABE, Heads of Autonomous Organisations, Vice Chancellors of Universities, and senior officials of the Central and State Governments were attended, 2 lakh suggestions on the Draft National Education Policy were received.

A meeting on Draft NEP 2019 of Parliamentary Standing Committee on Human Resource Development was held on 07.11.2019. Finally, the New Education Policy was released on July 29, 2020.

How the New Education Policy is Formulated?

To ensure the best National Education Policy (NEP), expert opinions, field experiences, empirical research, stakeholder feedback, and the lessons learned by best practices were taken into consideration.

The approach of the new National Education Policy includes:

A top-down approach based on setting up an expert task force, working groups and sub-committees, where each group was based on a thematic topic.

Recommendations based on field visits, discussions, conferences, workshops, interviews, limited citizen outreach, special studies, meetings with constitutional leaders and elected officials.

The time taken for the consultation process is from 6 months to 1 year which involves multiple stakeholders including government, academia, industry, experts and media.

National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 Highlights

For School

1.    Universalization of Education: NEP 2020 aims for Universalization of Education from pre-school to secondary level with 100 % GER in school education by 2030. This is the necessary step that is taken to make the education available to everyone in the country.


2.    Open Schooling System: National Education Policy 2020 will bring 2 crore out of school children back into the mainstream.



3.    Curricular Structure: The current 10+2 structure has changed into 5+3+3+4. The current structure is as follows:

§  5 years of foundation education to the age group of 3 - 8

§  3 years of preparatory education to the age group 8 – 11

§  3 years of middle education to the age group 11 - 14

§  4 years of secondary schooling to the age group of  14 – 18


4.    Multi-stream: Students can choose subjects across streams. Co-curriculum and vocational subjects like sports, arts, commerce, science, etc will be given equal importance. Vocational courses with internship are being introduced.


5.    Coding and Other Skills: Coding will be introduced to the students from class 6 onwards contrary to the current situation where students are getting introduced to it only after class 12. Skills, such as analysis, critical thinking and conceptual clarity will also be taught in the school.



6.    AI for Students: The report cards of the students will be examined by teachers and Artificial Intelligence-based software will be developed for students to track their progress. All students have to take examinations in grades 3, 5, and 8 for teachers to track the progress.


7.    Board Exams: The exams for class 10 and 12 will be held on two levels and they will only test core competencies. Students will be given a second chance to write exams in order to improve their score.



8.    Three-language Policy: The freedom to the state, region, and student to choose three languages is to be continued with the local or mother tongue as the preference till class 8.


9.    Bag-less Days: School students will have 10 bag-less days in a year where they have to undergo an informal internship of their choice.

For Colleges

1.    CEE for Admissions: The National Testing Agency (NTA) will conduct a common entrance examination (CEE) for admissions to universities across the country. So, there will only be a single gateway for schools to colleges. The common college entrance exam will be conducted twice a year.


2.    Bachelor Degree: The undergraduate degree will be of either three or four-year duration. The best thing is that students can have multiple exit options. There’s no need to complete all the 3 or 4 years of a degree at once. The student will get a certificate after 1 year and can continue to study after taking a gap.



3.    Global Universities: Top 100 universities in the world will open branches in India and India too will be able to have campuses in other countries!


4.    ABC: An Academic Bank of Credit (ABC) is going to be established for digitally storing academic credits earned from different HEIs so that they can be transferred and counted when the final degree is earned. So everything counts!



5.    Fee Cap: Proposal to cap fee charged by private institutions for higher education. No private college will now be allowed to cross the fixed fee proposed by the government.


6.    No Affiliation: top universities affiliation with other small and medium colleges is going to end. For the next 15 years, colleges will be given graded autonomy to provide degrees.



7.    NETF: National Educational Technology Forum (NETF), a free platform for exchanging ideas and improving learning for the students will be created. NETF categorise emergent technologies based on their potential and estimated timeframe for disruption and submits the analysis to MHRD. Based on this, MHRD will identify the technologies which are in demand.




Ø Universalization of education ensures that every child is getting their right to education. No one in the country would be left uneducated which is the essential step taken.

Ø The new curricular structure (5+3+3+4) focuses more on vocational education and imparts the knowledge of core subjects. Till now, 3 to 6 age group is unrecognised, but with the new structure, it will be recognised globally.

Ø The students till now have no choice to choose their subjects during school education. With this new National Education Policy, they can choose vocational courses which will be given equal importance to normal subjects.

Ø We have no internships and coding in the old system. But, in NEP 2020, students can learn coding from class 6 and so they can learn and develop skills early.

Ø Board exams are made easier. Most importantly, students will be given a chance twice!

Ø AI technology will be provided for teachers and students as well to track the progress of education.

Ø Mother tongue will be given preference until class 8 and the local languages will be recognised besides National language.

Ø Students can spend 10 ten days in a year without heavy weight on their back!

Ø No multiple entrance tests for different universities. The common entrance test is conducted for all universities and this makes students focus on a single test without deviations. This test will be conducted twice a year.

Ø As there are multiple exit options for Bachelor degree now, students can take gap between the years if there need.

Ø Top universities from various countries in the world will start their branches here and so Indian students can learn new skills and can expect more quality education. Also, Indian universities will open campuses in other countries. The mutual understanding between the countries will grow.

Ø From now, private institutions cannot levy huge fees for higher education. The government will set a fixed amount as the fee. This is a very beneficial step taken by the government to make higher education available to everyone.

This is an adspace. Advertise your
brand on our blog.